Using OS X TrustedBSD framework to protect critical files

And here we are with a few spare minutes! My baby girl is a little cute devil who, like me, isn’t very found of sleeping all the time. She’s taking a lot of my attention so mom can rest. Well, it’s time well spent while I still have lots of it 🙂

Let’s get back to business… There was some fuss around with the latest version of the so called Flashback.C OS X Trojan. This version attempts to remove Apple’s XProtect out of its way. A big public thanks to those who sent me samples of this new version 🙂
This new “feature” gave me the idea to use TrustedBSD framework in our benefit. A module can be written to protect those (and other) files. We can do this system-wide instead of using the sandbox module. As I referred in the sandbox guide, Apple didn’t implemented all the available hooks and even if it did, it would be useless in this case – sandbox must be configured per process/application.

Ice, The Guardian is a PoC that implements a hook on open() (Ice was my fantastic and huge Doberman). If access to “” is attempted by any process not named “XProtectUpdater”, then access is denied and an alert is issued about this.
The code is very simple and the level of protection isn’t high (spoof the process name for example?). I have some ideas to improve the level of protection and make it harder to bypass/spoof. Other syscalls also need to be hooked (unlink for example). Well, you can develop your own custom module and increase the protection level of your system.

I still have to measure the real performance impact of having such module. Some tests inside a Vmware instance with SpeedTools didn’t revealed a big penalty in disk access. Need to execute tests in my physical machine to have better results about this. Worst case scenario it should be on-par with anti-virus performance.

Feel free to send suggestions/improvements, bitching about my code, patches, or just hello 🙂

SHA256( 0a614d66e208e422a9e82f6228f56398bd1585495676f09c3485c24429ba33a7

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